Facts about MDMA

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MDMA

Fact: The drug known today as MDMA or ecstasy was first developed as a pharmaceutical drug for therapy.

Abstract: Little is known about the history of MDMA, the drug known today as ecstasy. Get the facts about this drug and others to be informed and warned. Little attention is paid to new pharmaceuticals that are offered on the market. Fact is, even MDMA was marketed as safe back in the 1900’s. Soldiers in the Germany army were the first to be experimented with against their own will. In 1988, the drug was declared illegal but continued to be used by many in the 80’s and 90’s, known as the “rave age.” Get the facts about its history and effects of taking the drug today.

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Description:

Pharmaceutical experiments in the 1900’s

In the early 1900’s, society started to stray away from the idea of “natural healing” through herbs and other “natural” compounds. The pharmaceutical business had begun to form and medicine was starting to be created in labs. Little did they know, they were also making drugs that would later be banned by law and abused by many.

The first discovery of MDMA (3,4-methylenedioxy-N-methylamphetamine) was in 1912 in Germany. It was then used to suppress appetite of those fighting in the German army. They served as the giunea pigs for the compound that brought them destructive effects. Upon this, it was abandoned.

The resurrection of MDMA in the lab

In the United States, the 70’s brought around a lot of illegal and legal experimentation. The compound MDMA was taken under experimentation once again by Alexander Shulgin. According to an official report by the University of Maryland found here, MDMA was to be utilized in the setting of psychotherapy and marriage counseling. In as little as 15 years, it was made illegal and banned from use.

Implementation of MDMA on the dance floor

Restricted use of MDMA was popular in the United States in the 80’s and 90’s. It became the ultimate “rave” drug and taken by many with little knowledge of its adverse effects. Shulgin himself had enjoyed its use and later published a book “PIHKAL” to come clean with all the information about MDMA as a drug and many others he had developed. The website of the DEA provides a direct quote from Shulgin, where he states his experience with MDMA,

"I feel absolutely clean inside, and there is nothing but pure euphoria. I have never felt so great, or believed this to be possible. The cleanliness, clarity, and marvelous feeling of solid inner strength continued through the rest of the day, and evening, and into the next day. I am overcome by the profundity of the experience…"

Interested in reading part of Shulgin’s book? Find it online here.

MDMA today

Taken directly from an article by the University of Maryland, we present to you the short-term and long-term effects of ecstasy:

Short-Term Effects

  • Muscle tension
  • Heightened senses
  • Hallucinations
  • Euphoria
  • Empathy for others/emotional warmth
  • Anxiety or paranoia
  • Involuntary teeth or jaw clenching
  • Nausea
  • Extreme relaxation
  • Severe dehydration (especially when mixed with alcohol)
  • Heat exhaustion
  • Increased body temperature up to 108 degrees (especially when dancing)
  • Increased blood pressure, breathing rate, and heart rate
  • Faintness
  • Chills or sweating
  • Blurred vision or nystagmus – rapid quivering of the pupils (while the user is feeling peak effects)

Long-Term Effects

  • Confusion
  • Depression
  • Sleep problems
  • Drug craving
  • Severe anxiety
  • Possible depletion of serotonin and memory
  • Death

Know the facts about MDMA and other drugs to protect your health. Get the facts here as well as from our sources.

You may also want to know about:

  • Facts about heroin
  • Facts about alcohol

Sources (besides ones that are linked):

http://www.drugabuse.gov/publications/mdma-ecstasy-abuse/brief-history-mdma

http://thedea.org/drughistory.html

https://www.drugfoundation.org.nz/ecstasy/history

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17152992

http://www.theguardian.com/uk/2006/aug/18/topstories3.drugsandalcohol

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